The meeting between Salehi and Davutoglu was held in Kazakhstan's capital city on the sidelines of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA).
During the meeting, Salehi exchanged ideas with Davutoglu on bilateral relations as well as the regional and international developments, particularly the latest situation in Syria.
Syria has been experiencing unrest since March 2011 with organized attacks by well-armed gangs against Syrian police forces and border guards being reported across the country.
Hundreds of people, including members of the security forces, have been killed, when some protest rallies turned into armed clashes.
The government blames outlaws, saboteurs, and armed terrorist groups for the deaths, stressing that the unrest is being orchestrated from abroad.
In October 2011, calm was eventually restored in the Arab state after President Assad started a reform initiative in the country, but Israel, the US and its Arab allies are seeking hard to bring the country into chaos through any possible means. Tel Aviv, Washington and some Arab capitals have been staging various plots in the hope of increasing unrests in Syria.