Publishe Date: 4:42 PM - 12/22/2013 | Print

Italian FM Reiterates Necessity for Iran’s Presence in Geneva II Conference on Syria

Politics - Italian Foreign Minister Emma Bonino underlined Iran’s important role in settling the Syrian crisis, and called for Tehran’s presence in the Geneva II conference on Syria on January 22.

“All countries present in the region should be present (in the Geneva II conference) to overcome the tragedy in Syria and we declare our position firmly that we call for Iran’s positive presence in the conference,” Bonino said in a joint press conference in Tehran on Sunday.

She underscored Iran’s key role in solving the regional problems, and said the EU is due to study Tehran’s positive influence on the Syrian crisis in the next few days.

Last month, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif underlined that Iran is ready to take part in the upcoming Geneva II conference on the Syrian crisis “without any preconditions”.

On November 26, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon announced that the Syrian government and opposition negotiators would meet for the first time since start of the country's 32 month-old crisis in Geneva on January 22, 2014. Ban said the landmark conference it would be "a mission of hope".

After the UN announced the date for the gathering, Iran's foreign minister said Tehran would be in Geneva on January 22, unless the US-led West tries to set a precondition for Tehran.

After the UN declared the date for the high-profile gathering, its envoy Lakhdar Brahimi said that the Geneva II conference on Syria, set for January 22, would start “without any preconditions”.

The US has long tried to ask for prerequisites to allow Tehran's participation in the conference, but after Iran's ally, the Syrian government, made major advances and pushed back terrorists in the battlefield, Washington now seems to have changed its approach.

Iran has repeatedly announced that it would never accept any prerequisite for its participation in the conference, reminding that no regional crisis can be soothed or solved without the aid, views and cooperation of Iran as a regional power.

In relevant remarks late September, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani underlined that Tehran is ready to take part in the planned Geneva II conference on the Syrian crisis, but “without any preconditions”.

“If invited without any preconditions, Iran will participate in the Geneva II conference in order to help resolve the Syrian crisis,” President Rouhani said in a meeting with UN and Arab League Special Envoy for Syria Lakhdar Brahimi in New York in September.

During the meeting, which was held on the sidelines of the 68th annual session of the United Nations General Assembly, the Iranian president urged an immediate settlement to the ongoing conflict in Syria.

Brahimi, for his part, briefed the Iranian president on the latest developments in Syria, and said he would like to see Tehran attend the upcoming Geneva II conference.

Iranian officials have repeatedly underlined that Tehran is in favor of negotiations between the Syrian government and opposition groups to create stability in the Middle Eastern country.

Last November, Iran hosted a meeting between the representatives of the Syrian government and opposition to encourage them to start talks to find a political solution to their problems. The National Dialogue Conference kicked off work in Tehran mid November with the motto of 'No to Violence, Yes to Democracy".

The meeting brought together almost 200 representatives of various Syrian ethnicities, political groups, minorities, the opposition, and state officials.

Syria has been experiencing unrest since March 2011. Terrorist groups from across the globe have poured into the country, killing militaries and civilians the same in the most barbaric ways, including decapitating them.

Tens of thousands of people have been killed since terrorist and armed groups turned protest rallies into armed clashes.

The government blames outlaws, saboteurs, and armed terrorist groups for the deaths, stressing that the unrest is being orchestrated from abroad.

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