The top Iranian diplomat wrote in his essay published in the Foreign Affairs Magazine that in Iran’s view, the crisis over Tehran's peaceful nuclear program is wholly manufactured and therefore reversible.
"That is why Rouhani wasted no time in breaking the impasse and engaging in negotiations with the Group5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, plus Germany) to find common ground and reach an agreement that will ensure nonproliferation, preserve Iran’s scientific accomplishments, honor Iran’s inalienable national rights under the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), and end the unjust sanctions that have been imposed by outside powers," Zarif underlined.
He reiterated that Iran has no interest in nuclear weapons and is convinced that such weapons would not enhance its security.
Zarif added that the Iranian government believes that even a perception that Iran is seeking nuclear weapons is detrimental to the country’s security and to its regional role, since attempts by Iran to gain strategic superiority in the Persian Gulf would inevitably provoke responses that would diminish Iran’s conventional military advantage.
On Sunday, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister for legal and international affairs Seyed Abbas Araqchi confirmed that Iran and the G5+1 plan to hold an expert-level meeting in New York early in May.
Araqchi, who is also senior Iranian negotiator in talks with the Sextet, said negotiations will be held from May 5-9 on the sidelines of a session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 NPT Review Conference.
The Iranian official said the talks will take place a few days ahead of the new round of high-level negotiations between Tehran and the six countries, which is scheduled to be held in the Austrian city of Vienna on May 13.
Deputy chief negotiators from Iran and the six world powers wrapped up their second day of talks in Vienna on April 9.
The talks were headed by Araqchi and EU foreign policy deputy chief Helga Schmidt.
The talks started on April 8 by a session presided by EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif at the UN headquarters in Vienna, and continued by a meeting among the deputy chief negotiators of the seven nations.
The Iranian Foreign Ministry in a statement on April 8 reiterated that its team of negotiators would not discuss any topic but the country's nuclear standoff with the West in its talks with the six world powers, including the present round in Vienna.
The talks between Tehran and the six world powers are part of efforts to seal a final deal on Iran’s nuclear energy program.
Iran and the Group 5+1 representatives had several sessions of talks in Vienna on March 18-19.
On November 24, Iran and the Group 5+1 sealed a six-month Joint Plan of Action to lay the groundwork for the full resolution of the West’s decade-old dispute with Iran over the latter's nuclear energy program.
In exchange for Tehran’s confidence-building bid to limit certain aspects of its nuclear activities, the Sextet of the world powers agreed to lift some of the existing sanctions against Tehran and impose no nuclear-related sanctions on Iran during the six-month period.
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