"This act against the innocent women and girls which is carried out in the name of Islam is certainly hated and unacceptable to all and all these events show the necessity for South-South talks in fighting violence and extremism," Zarif said in a joint press conference with his South African counterpart Maite Nkoana-Mashabane in Tehran on Sunday.
He said foreign intervention by the trans-regional powers in the two regions that Iran and South Africa are located combined with rifts, disputes, prejudice and extremism have caused Iran and South Africa to share common concerns and viewpoints.
"The ominous phenomenon of terrorism, extremism and violence has affected our region as today we are witnessing and suffering from this phenomenon in Iraq and Syria as well as Africa," Zarif said.
He referred to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani's World Against Violence and Extremism (WAVE) proposal at the UN General Assembly, which calls on all nations across the globe to denounce violence and extremism, and described it as an agenda for the two countries' talks and cooperation in fighting violence and extremism.
"The developing countries should fight the problems created for them and find solutions for their materialization," the Iranian top diplomat added.
Nkoana-Mashabane, for her part, called for collective efforts by the countries of the South to confront terrorism and radical groups.
"We welcome confronting extremism and violence through dialogue within the framework of South-South cooperation," the South African foreign minister said in the joint press conference.
She underlined that countries of the South can confront extremists and prevent tragic incidents like the recent abduction of over 200 Nigerian school girls.
Meantime, Nkoana-Mashabane expressed the hope that the abducted Nigerian girls would be freed soon.
South–South Cooperation is a term historically used by policymakers and academics to describe the exchange of resources, technology, and knowledge between developing countries, also known as countries of the global South.
In 1978, the United Nations established the Unit for South–South Cooperation to promote South–South trade and collaboration within its agencies.
However, the idea of South–South cooperation only started to influence the field of development in the late 1990s. Due to the geographical spectrum, the cooperation is now well known as Africa-South America (ASA) cooperation.
The ASA cooperation has so far held two summits. The first summit was held in Abuja, Nigeria in 2006 where 53 delegates from Africa and 12 from South America attended. The second and most recent one was held on the Margarita Island in Venezuela in September 2009 where 49 heads of states from Africa and 12 heads of states from South America attended.
South–South cooperation has been successful in decreasing dependence on the aid programs of developed countries and in creating a shift in the international balance of power.
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